Tuesday, 24 May 2022

Dr Robert Borrows, MD, 1833-28/11/1881.

DEATH OF DR R BORROWS.

Dr Borrows met with a very serious and dangerous accident on the 14th ult., and it is somewhat remarkable that it did not terminate fatally. It seems that the doctor was being driven from Roslyn at about five o'clock, and that when at the top of Rattray street the horse became restive and kicked violently, breaking the front part of the buggy. The driver either jumped out or was thrown out, and the horse bolted with the buggy, in which Dr Borrows remained seated. After galloping a short distance down York place the horse brought the buggy into collision with a butcher's waggon and Dr Borrows was thrown out, and struck the front wheels of the waggon with great violence. Mr R. Donaldson, who witnessed the collision, ran and drew the doctor from his perilous position, for at the time he was liable to be kicked by the horses. Dr Borrows was then taken into Mr Scoullar's house in an unconscious state. He was first attended by Dr Stenhouse, and then by Drs Alexander and Coughtrey. After some time he regained consciousness, and was removed on a stretcher to his own residence, where Drs Hocken, Mausell, Alexander, and Coughtrey took charge of the case, which unfortunately is one of a very serious character. Dr Borrows received some wounds on the head, and an extensive compound fracture of his right hip-bone. Numerous fragments of bone were extracted, and the injury was such as could only have been caused by extreme violence. Doubtless the patient will receive the most skillful treatment, and many in the comnmuity will be glad to learn that on inquiry he is making favourable progress. 

It is with great regret we have to announce the death of Dr Borrows, which took place on the 22nd ult. It wil be remembered that last week he received serious injuries through the bolting of his horse, with buggy attached, from Upper Rattray street, the vehicle in which the doctor was sitting coming into collision with a butcher's waggon, which was drawn up in York place. The doctor was thrown out with great force, and landed on the iron step of the waggon, which penetrated his side, causing a very ugly wound and completely pulverising part of thigh-bone. From the first his medical attendants, Drs Hocken ami Maunsell, regarded his case as a serious one, and on Tuesday morning the late Dr Borrows had no hopes of his own recovery. The immediate cause of death was peritonitis. Dr Robert Borrows was born in Glasgow, and spent the early years of his life in that city. At the age of 19 he left Scotland for England, and after having acted as assistant to a medical gentleman there he entered the navy. He was was for seven years on the Bermudas station, and had charge of the hospital there. He returned to Scotland on leave of absence, and took his M.D. degree at St. Andrew's. After that he was for some time in one of her Majesty's ships on the Cape station. Dr Borrows subsequently retired from the navy on half-pay, and decided to sail for New Zealand, arriving here about 14 years ago. The first two yeurs in this district were devoted to the practice of his profession in. Tokomairiro and vicinity. He then removed to Dunedin, and soon gained warm friends and admirers in the city. Dr Borrows was well known and highly esteemed by all who were brought into contact with him, and his kindliness of disposition and his generosity will be cherished in grateful remembrance by many in our midst. By those who knew him more intimately, however, his loss will be felt very keenly. He leaves a widow and young child to mourn their loss, and we feel sure they have the heartfelt sympathy of the community in their sad bereavement.

At the monthly meeting of the Medical Association held at the hospital on the 23rd, it was resolved that the transaction of its business should be adjourned as a mark of respect to the late Dr Borrows. The proposal and seconder of the resolution spoke in high terms of the deceased as one who had been an active member and warm supporter of the Association since its institution, and whose loss would be greatly felt. It was further unanimously resolved that a letter of condolence be forwarded to Mrs Borrows.

The funeral of the late Dr Borrows, which took place on the 24th, was largely attended by members of the professions and leading citizens. The cortege extended from the Octagon to Hanover street, and included over 100 persons on foot and about 10 carriages. The Rev. Mr Best officiated at the grave and made a few appropriate remarks concerning the life of the deceased gentleman.   -Otago Daily Times, 2/12/1881.


Northern Cemetery, Dunedin.


12/709 Private George Couston, 10/3/1889-25/4/1915.

Amongst those previously reported wounded, and now reported, after searching inquiry, wounded and missing, is Private George Couston, a Dunedin boy, who enlisted with the 16th Waikato Regiment. He left with the Main Expeditionary Body, and the last letter received by his parents was from the troopship, two days prior to the Gallipoli landing. Repeated cablegrams have been sent for information, but without success, and it is feared that he was amongst those killed early in the fight. Sergeant Allan, who returned by the Willochra, came across the bodies of an Australian and a New Zealander on a ridge at Gallipoli Peninsula. The New Zealander was a 16th Waikato private, and his disc bore the name of Couston, and on the body was a letter from Mr. B. B. Couston. Private Couston was a lad of most happy disposition, loved by all he came in contact with, and he was one of those who answered the first call for volunteers. According to Sergeant Allan's account, he had been wounded in the leg and was binding this wound when some snipers shot him through the heart. He was buried not far from where he fell, and a cross with one word, "Couston," was erected to mark the grave.   -Dominion, 14/8/1915.




MEN WHO HAVE FALLEN.

PERSONAL PARAGRAPHS.

PRIVATE GEORGE COUSTON. 

Amongst those previously reported wounded and now reported wounded and missing is Private George Couston, a Dunedin boy, who enlisted in the 16th Waikato Regiment. He is the youngest son of Mr. William Couston, ironmonger, of Dunedin. He was educated at the Arthur Street and Boys' High Schools, and of late years was engaged in sheepfarming in the North Island. He left with the main expeditionary body, and the last letter received by his parents was from the troopship two days prior to the Gallipoli landing. Repeated cablegrams have been sent for information, but without success, and it is feared that he was amongst those killed early in thp fight. Sergeant Allan who returned by the Willochra says he came across the bodies of an Australian and a New Zealander on a ridge at Gallipoli. The New Zealander was a 16th Waikato private, and his disc bore the name of Couston.  -NZ Herald, 14/8/1915.


IN MEMORIAM

COUSTON. — In loving memory of George Couston (l6th Waikato Regiment, Main Body), who was killed while in action at Gallipoli on 25th April, 1915.   -Otago Witness, 30/4/1919.


Northern Cemetery, Dunedin.


Sunday, 22 May 2022

9/59 Sergeant Alexander Lister McLintock, 24/9/1891-27/9/1916.

Alexander McLintock was with the Otago Infantry Regiment on Gallipoli and was wounded, according to his Army records, on the 7th or 8th of August, 1915.  The 7th was the day on which the great August offensive, intended to push the Turkish army off the Peninsula, began.  He suffered a gunshot wound to his arm.  He was fit enough to join the Regiment when they moved on from Egypt to France in time for the Battle of the Somme.

He was wounded again in that battle, possibly on the first day of the "big push" which was designed to break German lines and send cavalry to Berlin - or, at least, close to it.

His wounds are described as "wounded legs multiple," the abbreviation "sw" instead of "gsw" indicating shrapnel instead of rifle bullets. He was admitted to the 1st Canadian General Hospital at Etaples, France.  It is possible that infection of some kind set in as his condition two days before he died was described as "seriously ill." It might have been then that his right leg was amputated.




Corporal Alexander Lister McClintock (wounded) is a son of Thos. McClintock, Middlemarch. He was born at South Dunedin, and was educated at the Middlemarch School. He is a member of the Middlemarch Lodge, M.U.I.O.O.F., Brass Band, and Football Club. He was a good rifle shot, for which he holds the marksmans badge, and was one of the first to volunteer from Middlemarch. He is 24 years of age.  -Otago Witness, 15/9/1915.


DEATH FROM WOUNDS. 

Sergeant Alexander Lister McClintock (died from wounds) who was a son of Mr Thomas McClintock, of Middlemarch, was employed in farming before he enlisted. He left New Zealand as a trooper, and received promotion in the field. He was wounded in Gallipoli, and subsequently spent five months in Egypt. He went to France with the first lot of New Zealand troops. He was wounded on September 17, and died in hospital in England on September 27. Sergeant McClintock, whose brother is in Trentham at present, was about 24 years of age.  -Otago Daily Times, 7/10/1916.


FOR THE EMPIRE'S CAUSE

IN MEMORIAM

McCLINTOCK. — In loving memory of Sergeant Alexander Lister McClintock, who died at Etaples Hospital on September 27, 1916, from wounds received in action in France. "He did his duty." —Inserted by his loving parents, brothers, and sisters.   -Otago Witness, 28/9/1920.


Southern Cemetery, Dunedin.


Saturday, 21 May 2022

Pilot Officer Owen Vincent Tracey, RAF, 15/3/1915-8/12/1941.

DEAD AIRMAN HONOURED

D.F.C. TO FLIGHT-LIEUTENANT TRACEY 

WESTERN DESERT RESCUE

(P.A.) WELLINGTON, October 7. Recognition of one of the most spectacular feats of the air war is given in the announcement of the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross to the late Acting Flight-lieutenant Owen Vincent Tracey, R.A.F., formerly of Dunedin. He was the officer who saw a comrade parachute from his aircraft while in combat with enemy fighters over the Western Desert. At great risk to himself Flight-lieutenant Tracey followed the parachuting airman to the ground, landed, picked him up, and brought him back to base in his fighter aircraft. 

The D.F.C. is not awarded posthumously, and the decision to make the award was made before Flight-lieutenant Tracey’s death was officially presumed by the Air Ministry a short time ago. His widow resides at Harrow, Middlesex, England, and his mother is Mrs M E. Tracey, of Dunedin. 

The citation accompanying the award describes the incident recorded above, and adds: Flight-lieutenant Tracey took part in a long-range fight during the Crete evacuation. In addition he led his flight in practically every operational flight his squadron carried out during the present campaign in the Western Desert. It is known that he actually destroyed six enemy aircraft, but it is thought that he accounted for many more than those officially recorded.

Flight-lieutenant Tracey, by virtue of his outstanding, keenness, proved an inspiration to all who came in contact with him. Flight-lieutenant Tracey was born in Dunedin in March, 1915, and educated at Onehunga and Oamaru. He gained his pilot's A license as a member of the Otago Aero Club early in 1937, and after being selected for a short-service commission with the R.A.F. sailed for England in June, 1939, to commence training.  -Evening Star, 8/10/1942.


Owen Tracey's story is a larger one than the above, of course, and I cannot do better than the writer of this story, with photo, on the Battle of Britain London Memorial page.


Southern Cemetery, Dunedin.


27433 Private Daniel David Brown, 3/10/1878-15/6/1919.

Daniel Brown was a miner living in Palmersotn when he volunteered for the Boer War in 1901. His service there is difficult to pin down on account of the numers of "Troopers Brown" visible in the newspapers of the time.

Daniel might have been the Daniel Brown who was in court for drunkenness in Dunedin in 1912 - he was certainly the private Daniel Brown whose Army record shows, among other offences, "on active service, found after hours in an estaminet," and being caught on the march with liquor in his water bottle and smoking a cigarette - along with insolence to a superior officer, "to the prejudice of good order and military discipline."  He certainly seems to have had a thirst.  He was given Field Punishment No. 2 for the first and forfeited 28 days' pay for the second.

Whatever his qualities as a soldier, he took his time in the line of fire and stopped a bullet in the spine in the Battle of Messines in June, 1917.  The following February he was put on the "Marama" for New Zealand.


PRIVATE BROWN. 

Private D. D. Brown, who was severely wounded in the abdomen in the Messines engagement, is a war veteran, for he volunteered for the Boer war, and participated in the severe fighting at Bothasberg, in which the New Zeaalnders were engaged, fortunately coming through it without injury. He was born at Arrowtown, and was educated there and at Palmerston. After leaving school he went mining and farming with his father, and was thus occupied when he enlisted as a member of the Seventh Contingent for South Africa. Upon receiving his discharge from the army after the return of the New Zealand contingents, he resumed his former civil occupation until the call to arms stirred him, and he enlisted in the Expeditionary Forces for the present war. Leaving New Zealand as a member of the Seventeenth Reinforcements, he arrived in France in December last. His mother, Mrs J Brown, of Melbourne street, South Dunedin, has been informed that he is now a patient in the Walton-on-Thames Hospital.  -Otago Daily Times, 3/7/1917.


The Police Court did not sit until this afternoon, when two men were charged with drunkenness. Daniel David Brown was remanded for seven days for medical treatment. Donald McIntyre was fined 20s or 48 hours.

Jubilation! Celebrate it in Watson's No. 10 Whisky; without a peer; just lovely. [— Advt.]   -Evening Star, 29/11/1918.


INQUESTS.

DEATH IN A SORDID DEN. 

THE OCCUPIER WARNED. 

An inquest into the circumstances of the death of Daniel David Brown was held at the Morgue yesterday morning, before Mr H. Y. Widdowson, coroner. The deceased had been fouud dead on Sunday morning at George Mullin's house, 123 Caroll street, where he had been staying. The police were represented by Senior Seargeant Murray. 

Dr Evans stated that he had examined the body the previous afternoon, and found rigor mortis well marked. The body was fairly well nourished, and there was marked cyanosis of the whole of the face. On the left arm there was the tattoo mark "South Africa, Seventh Reinforcements," and on the right arm the word "Bessie." He made a post mortem examination, and found hemorrhage into the brain. The heart was slightly enlarged with atheroma of the aortic valves. There was well marked cirrhosis of the kidneys and liver. His opinion was that the cause of death was oardiao failure following cirrhosis of the liver. 

To Senior Sergeant Murray: The commonest cause of cirrhosis of the liver was excessive use of alcohol. 

John Alexander Brown (labourer), residing, at 153 Melbourne street, south Dunedin, a brother of deceased, identified the body. His brother was a single man, a labourer, who turned 40 last October. He returned from iht war in August, 1917, and was discharged in the following October. He had been living with his married sister, Mrs Alexander, in South Dunedin, but he usually worked in the country. None of his family had seen him on this last visit to town. He was in fair health, but had had to go into Hospital as a result of wounds received at Messines. He had also served in the South African war with the Seventh Reinforcements. He was a pretty heavy drinker at times when he was not in the country. 

George Mullin (bootmaker), living at 123 Carroll etreet, said he was a bachelor living in a one-roomed house. He had known deceased a little over three months, and this was the second time deceased had stayed with him. He came to witness at his house on Friday week. He had half a flask of whisky with him, and looked as if he had had a few drinks. He had stayed with witness since that time, and had been drinking pretty heavily. Witness got deceased six bottles of ale on Friday, and on Saturday he got him 2s worth of brandy. When witness came home early on Saturday evening, deoeased was lying on the bed dozing. Witness had brought home a bottle of beer, and gave deceased a drink from it. They both lay together on the single stretcher bed, but during the night deceased shifted and lay across the bed at an angle. On waking at 8 o'clock next morning witness noticed that deceased had not shifted and that his face was black. He went down to a neighbour's place, and told him Brown was dead, and then went and informed the police. 

Cornelius Walsh, 14 years of age, living at 187 Carroll street, said he had been at the house of the last witness (Mullin) about 9 o'clock on Friday evening. He saw deceased and Mullin lying in bed with their clothes on. He saw Brown drink something from a mug. Mullin did not seem to be drunk, but Brown had been vomiting on the bed. On Saturday afternoon witness and others went to see Mullin, but he was not in. They heard Brown groaning on the bed, and apparently he had been sick again. He asked the boys to go for beer for him, but they said they would not.

Constable McCulloch said he knew deceased and the witness Mullin personally. About 9.30 a.m. on Sunday he went to Mullin's house and found Mullin there, and the body of deceased lying across the foot of a stretcher. There was no sign of disturbance about the room. Deceased was lying face down with his head in the bed clothes. He knew deceased was a man given to heavy drinking, and that Mullin permitted his house to be a sort of a rendezvous for dissipation. 

The verdict was in accordance with the medical testimony that deceased died of cardiac failure, following on cirrhosis of the liver. After delivering his verdict, the coroner addressed a few words to the witness Mullin, telling him that it was quite clear from the evidence that he allowed his place to be frequented by people who wanted to dissipate in liquor. He would have to stop that sort of thing. It was disgraceful that he should encourage a man like deceased to drink and lead him on to drink when he should have been back at his work in the country. As a result the man had died of drink. He would have to turn over a new leaf or some steps would have to be taken.  -Otago Daily Times, 17/6/1919.


MILITARY FUNERAL. 

THE Friends of Mrs ISABELLA J. BROWN (and family) are respectfully invited to attend the Funeral of her late SON Private DANIEL DAVID BROWN which will leave 153 Melbourne street, south Dunedin, THIS DAY (TUESDAY) 17th inst., at. 2 o'clock, for the Anderson's Bay Cemetery. 

A. S: ARCHER & CO., Military Funeral Directors.   -Otago Daily Times, 17/6/1919.


Andersons Bay Cemetery, Dunedin. DCC photo.



Sunday, 15 May 2022

Lieutenant Roger Kerkham, 1869-14/12/1902.

FATAL BATHING ACCIDENT

A particularly sad accident, which resulted in the death of Lieutenant Roger Kerkham, of the Dunedin City Rifles, occurred at St, Clair baths yesterday morning. Mr Kerkham, who was a popular officer and an expert swimmer and diver, arranged on the previous evening, with two of his fellow subalterns (lieutenants Jackson and Ussher) that they should go down to the baths in the morning from their camp on the hill at Kew. They went accordingly, and each of them dived into the water twice. Then Mr Kerkham went back for one more plunge before finally coming out. He took a running dive in precisely the same manner as the one before it. His companions are convinced that he did not slip — in fact, deceased said as much himself afterwards. He struck the water at a good angle, but as he went in his knees were bent, and it is supposed that their contact with the water caused his head to tip downwards. At any rate, he did not come to the surface immediately, and for a few moments his companions thought he was remaining under water purposely, until one of them saw him floating slowdy upwards and remaining with his face immersed and blood issuing from a severe scalp wound. Lieutenant Jackson at once brought him into shallow water, and with the assistance of lieutenant Ussher carried him ashore and sent word of the accident to the camp. Deceased was quite conscious and rational, and told his companions that he was afraid he was “done for,” as he had a queer sensation at the back of his neck. On has legs being pinched he felt nothing, and about ten minutes afterwards his arms, too, became paralysed. He told his friends that he was very sorry, as he knew how he would have felt if it had been one of them who had been hurt. When Dr Coughtrey, who had been sent for post haste, arrived he at once attended to the injured man, who said to him: “I fear, doctor, that it’s a case,” and from the first the doctor had no hope that it might be otherwise. After considerably difficulty Dr Coughtrey succeeded in telephoning to the hospital for an ambulance, in which the deceased was taken to that institution. At about noon he became unconscious, and died shortly before 9 p.m, from laceration of the spinal chord. Lieutenant Kerkham was the son of the Rev. A. R. Kerkham, who some years ago was vicar of the Anglican Church, Roslyn, but is now in England. There is a brother in Western Australia, and one a sea captain; while a third some time ago went to India as a missionary, where he died. Lieutenant Kerkham was employed in the office of the National Insurance Company, and was a popular officer in the battalion to which he belonged. The spot from which deceased dived is known as “high rock,” a pillar of concrete standing 5ft from the side of the bath just be behind the bathing boxes. It is 5ft above the edge of the bath, which itself is about 2ft at low-water level, so that the height of the dive would be about 7ft from the take-off, and by measurement the water at its deepest part in the hole abreast of this “high rock ” is 5ft when the tide is coming in, as it was at the time of the accident. This is the third serious accident of this sort that has taken place in these baths, and it is time that the Domain Board saw not only to deepening the bath, but to keeping it deep, and to cutting away some of the pinnacles of rock that are alongside the wall. It would also be a good thing, and consistent with the practice in vogue in other places, to place in the bath gauges by which the depth of the water at various places would he plainly indicated. This morning the water abreast of the low-dive side of the bath was only four feet. Deceased, who arrived in Dunedin with his parents twentythree years ago this month by the New Zealand Company’s sailing vessel Wanganui, will be buried with military honors on Wednesday. 

An inquest was held on the body at the hospital this afternoon before Mr C. C. Graham, coroner, and a jury consisting of six, of whom Mr John Duthie was foreman. Allan Main Jackson, civil engineer, one of those who accompanied deceased to the baths, gave evidence tallying with the facts already stated. Stuart Beauchamp Ussher, insurance clerk, the other volunteer subaltern present at the time of the accident, gave deceased’s age at thirtytwo years, and corroborated the evidence of the previous witness. Dr Coughtrey, who attended deceased, said that when he arrived at the baths there was no bleeding from the scalp wound on the deceased’s head, but that he could see that there was extensive injury to the spinal cord, and bleeding into its membranes, causing complete loss of power and sensation in the lower limbs and almost complete in the upper limbs, together with interference with the respiratory movements. He described how deceased was sent to the hospital, and said he thought all was done that could have been done. He also referred to the previous accidents which had occurred at the baths, and stated that he had heard complaints from bathers as to the jaggedness of the rocks in the baths. Dr Brown, resident surgeon at the hospital, testified that the cause of death was extensive laceration of the upper part of the spinal cord, with subsequent hemorrhage, probably due to striking the head on the bottom of the baths. He noticed no fracture of the skull, but probably one of the vertebra of the neck was fractured. William Farquharson Chisholm, lessee of the baths, said that in his lease there was no agreement as to clearing out the baths, but that he was in the habit of taking steps in that direction. About a month ago he, had cleaned the baths out, and removed all the large stones from the bottom. There never had been any means of indicating the depth of the water. The jury returned a verdict of accidental death (words missing) effect that in all public baths it would be desirable to have the depth of water dearly shown on direction posts placed there for the purpose.   -Evening Star, 15/12/1902.


The funeral of the late Lieutenant Kerkham took place this afternoon, when the remains were conveyed on the gun carriage of the B Battery to the Northern Cemetery. There was a large muster of volunteers and others, the insurance companies being strongly represented. The Garrison Band played the Dead March, and the Dunedin Rifles, to which company deceased belonged, formed the firing party.   -Evening Star, 17/12/1902.


Northern Cemetery, Dunedin.


Captain Robert Tubman, 1871-11/4/1902.


On board the Moura, on the trip down the harbor, Lieutenant Tubman was the recipient of a splendid pair of extremely light field glasses, the metal parts of which were composed of aluminium, the case and strap being of khaki-colored leather. The glasses were presented by the teachers of the George street School and the Committee. Mr A. McLean made the presentation, and Mr Tubman, in replying, said that the present was most apropos, and might, for all they knew, be some day the means of saving life. 


THE BOER WAR.

FOURTH CONTINGENT LETTERS.

A number of letters from members of the fourth contingent have been received by Mr Macdonald, schoolmaster at Ravensbourne, who has. kindly permitted us to make extracts as under: —

Lieutenant Tubman describes Beira as a terrible place. Every other place is a bar, as the hotels are called, and in each bar are from three to 20 girls of every nation under the sun. These bars close at 2 a.m., and are open all Sunday, on which day the shops are also open. On the Saturday before Lieutenant Tubman's letter was penned the Governor of Beira gave a ball to the officers of the contingents.  -Otago Daily Times, 7/8/1900.


LETTERS FROM THE FRONT

A letter from Lieutenant Tubman has been received by Mr J. McPhee, of the George street School, dated August 22, from which we are permitted to make the following extracts: —

Mafeking is a miserable little place from what I saw of it. The whole business of the siege, looking at it from the point of view of the besiegers, must have been boomed and over-rated tremendously; one rush by the Boers, and all would have been over, but they are such cowardly wretches when it comes to a down right willing go. If you could only see the place you would wonder at the importance put upon it, and why it was defended so tenaciously — for no other reason, I suppose, than the principle of the thing. It was not the relief of the place so much as the relief of B. P. (Baden-Powell) and his men that roused the excitement and enthusiasm of the good people of Dunedin, I suppose. Well, we were hurried out of Mafeking in the direction of Zeerust. We have 25,000 men with us, and shortly after we crossed the border we were fired on, but no harm was done to our boys. The following day (the 16th) we got into action, and no doubt you have long ago heard the particulars of it. I was with Captain Fulton, and as soon as we reached the top of a kopje we received a volley that laid one poor chap low, and wounded three others. It was terribly warm work. As soon as they gave us the volley we took cover just on the ridge of a kopje, and settled down to business. My company had to cover Captain Fulton's retreat with the rest of the wounded who were able to get away. I had one close shave. A big Boer aimed point blank at me at about 100 yards. When I saw him aiming I thought it was winter with me, but he fired high and missed (flurried at the bayonet I suppose), the bullet going between the rim of my hat and my ear, it seemed to me by the whiz. Then my turn came, and.l laid him out on the rocks, dead as a stone. After that two of my men and I were cut off for an hour or so, and had to lie low, getting an occasional shot. We killed Snyman and seriously wounded a field cornet. A flag of truce came up in the morning and took their bodies away, and also the rest of the killed and wounded that they could not take away in their flight. Poor Harvey fell on the other side of the kopje from me — shot through the head. He never spoke a word — not even moved. I miss him very much, for he and I, as I told you before, have been chums ever since Forbury Park camp. I never witnessed anything in my life so pathetic as his burial. 

We spent two nights and a day on the kopje — no blankets and very little food. I never felt the cold so much before, and we could not sleep for fear of being surprised. We were all pretty well knocked out, but are well again. The following day we had to retire for some reason or other, leaving our dearly-won position and poor Harvey's body behind. We executed our retirement in good order, but were again fighting all day after reaching Ottoshoop. Thank God, I have not been hit, and I can tell the sight of fellows being dropped by bullets not far from you makes one feel that he don't want any more kopjes to rush, as it certainly means "winter" for some more of us. As far as my men are concerned, only one was scratched. Yesterday I went back to the border with the wounded; we were fired on, but no harm was done. Tell the children that I have not time to write to them just now, and that I got letters from several of them. Glad to say I am well. You might regard this letter as a reply to the children at school, and read it to them. All my clothes are at Mafeking, and what I stand in are almost in rags. You would not know some of us if you saw us for dirt, etc., and general uncouthness. We are on three-quarter rations just now, and when I was at leisure to-day did some naturalist work, and bagged a fowl. I am now waiting and watching it carefully till 5 p.m. I laid the specimen out with a stick. No naturalist ever guarded a unique specimen like I watch that hen. 

Mr J. Waddell Smith, of the High street School has also received a letter from Lieutenant Tubman, but it contains little beyond the news given in the above extracts. Lieutenant Tubman states that so strong was the feeling among the men at Captain Harvey's death that he pities the Boers if ever the men get within reach of them. But they cannot get near the Boers. It exasperates the men to be shot at all day from all quarters, and not see anyone. Lieutenant Tubman writes very strongly about the Boer women fighting with the men. He declares that while none of the men would willingly injure a woman, yet if the latter carry a gun and use it with the men they must expect to be treated by those fighting against them as if they were men.   -Otago Daily Times, 12/10/1900.


Lieutenant Tubman, of the Fourth Contingent, has resigned his position on the staff of the George Street School, in order to take up his permanent residence in South Africa. It is understood that he has been appointed to a lieutenancy in the Rhodesian Field Force.   -Star, 8/12/1900.


PROMOTION OF LIEUTENANT TUBMAN. 

A LETTER FROM THE FRONT. 

A cablegram has been received in town intimating that Lieutenant Tubman, of the fourth contingent, has been promoted to the rank of captain, with an appointment on the staff of Colonel Grey. A private letter received by Mr J. Waddell Smith from Captain Tubman, dated Vontersdorp, April 14, indicates that he had made up his mind to stay and join the seventh contingent. At the date of writing he was in charge of a number of men knocked up, and horses, which needed nursing. Ventersdorp is 32 miles distant from the railway. It is in telegraphic communication with Fotchefhstroom, but the line was cut daily by some of the Boers as soon as it was repaired. Captain Tubman had to provide the escort for the line repairers. The writer says that the aspect of affairs is unchanged. Smuts, De la Bey, and others continue to shift about, but they will not fight. There is conclusive proof that the burgher would surrender if he had a free hand, but he hasn't. The only thing keeping the war going now are the Cape Colony and Bechuanaland rebels, who know they will be punished if they surrender or are caught. The British have been successful all round lately, and the increased activity has made the Boers very shy. Referring to the glorious affair of the 24th March, the writer says it seems almost incredible that so large a capture could be made, and no one seriously hit. When the New Zealanders rode at them the Boers simply abandoned everything. Mention is made of the fact that Lieutenant J. R. Macdonald had gone for a trip to Johannesburg on a week's leave.   -Otago Daily Times, 8/6/1901.


DEATH OF AN OTAGO OFFICER.

CAPTAIN TUBMAN SUCCUMBS TO ENTERIC. 

News was received through the Premier yesterday of the death in the Transvaal on the 11th inst, of Captain R. G. Tubman, of the Seventh Contingent. 

Captain Robert G. Tnbman was the son of Mr Frank Tubman, of Owaka, formerly of Beaumont, and was born in 1871. He was educated at the Beaumont School, but received his training as a pupil teacher at Mornington School under Mr Kyle. He was a student at the Dunedin Training College, and acted for some time as relieving teacher. He was appointed head master of the Moeraki School in 1890. After five years faithful service, desiring to attend the University classes, he, in 1895, applied for and obtained the position of fourth assistant at the George street School, and that position he held when he joined the Fourth Contingent. When at Moeraki Mr Tubman took a great interest in the Maoris there, and did everything possible to assist both young and old, with the result that he wns a general favourite among them, and when he was leaving for Dunedin he wns presented with a greenstone weapon which was greatly prized by the chief who owned it. It was while at Moeraki that Mr Tubman joined the North Otago Mounted Rifles, and he took a keen interest in all that appertained to volunteering. Here also he was married to Miss Bessie Culling, daughter of Mrs Culling, of Hillgrove, but he had the misfortune. to lose his young wife very shortly after removing into town. In the George street School and the University he made many warm friends, and he was greatly esteemed for his kindly disposition and unassuming manner. When he was appointed lieutenant in the Fourth Contingent in recognition of his valuable services in Forbury camp, he was presented by the teachers of Otago with a horse and a pair of field gloves, and the Tailoresees' Union presented him with a second horse. He served with the Fourth Contingent during the whole time they were in South Africa, and was acting-captain for a period of nearly six months. Many of our readers will recall descriptions of the work of that contingent which appeared in our columns from time to time from the pen of Captain Tubman. Finding campaigning agreeing with him, and liking the climate of South Africa, he resigned his position in the George street School, which had been kept open for him and offered for service with the Seventh Contingent. He was accepted and joined the Seventh.on its arrival in South Africa as captain. Shortly after he was sent on a special mission to bring a train with specie from Capetown to Johannesburg, and his success and the attention he gave to details so impressed General Garratt that he appointed him as provost marshal to his column. The latest letters received from Captain Tubman showed that he was in Johannesburg attending the trial of some rebels captured near Klerksdorp. He was then in the best of health and spirits. On the receipt of news yesterday of the death the flag at the George street School was hoisted at half mast and general and sincere regret was felt by all who had known Captain Tubman. The sad news will be a severe blow to his parents, who lost their youngest daughter but a few months ago, and they will have the sympathy of the community generally in this second bereavement.   -Otago Daily Times, 15/4/1902.

Northern Cemetery, Dunedin.